The Schengen tourist visa is the most popular option among foreigners to visit Europe. While many countries are excluded from travel visa obligations, there are still some restrictions that ALL visitors must respect once they enter the Schengen Area.
The well-known “90-day limit” stay is the barrier many travellers try to get past. And, believe it or not, there are a few situations that will do the trick. But do it only at your own risk!
The Schengen Area is formed by 26 European countries. This common space was created after the Schengen treaty was signed in 1985 and it has been applied throughout the member countries since 1995.
To put it simply, all these countries act if it were only one in terms of border controls. So anyone entering the Schengen Area will go through a border control. But once inside there won’t be further internal controls.
For example, if you travel from the US to Spain you go through an immigration control at your arrival in Spain. If you travel later on to from Spain to France, you can do so freely, without any passport control.
The Schengen tourist visa is a 90-day visitor visa that allows you to travel throughout the Schengen Area.
Citizens of 70+ countries are allowed to travel to the Schengen Area without having to get a visa in advance.
Spain is a member of the Schengen Area. If you travel to Spain and thus plan to enter the Schengen Area, have a look at the citizenships excluded from visa obligations.
Unfortunately, the Schengen Tourist Visa has several restrictions. The more important is the usually known as “90 day limit”.
For non-Schengen citizens, the entrance is only valid for 90 days (50% of the time in the Schengen Area) within a period of 180 days (6 months). While these days are not necessarily consecutive, they are cumulative.
In other words, after a total of 90 days in the Schengen Area, you’ll have to leave the Schengen country you are in. No need to do so from the same country you entered. Obviously, to control your time you’ll get a stamp on your passport as soon as you enter and depart the Schengen Area.
Thus, in the simple case of an American staying in Italy for 90 consecutive days, that American must exit the Schengen Area for the next 90 days.
It is possible to travel around Europe for more than 90 days. And it’s easy; you only need to smartly combine the countries you stay in.
The UK for instance allows you to stay 180 days (but remember that the UK is not part of the Schengen Area!). Other non-Schengen countries (e.g. Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria…) allow you to stay between 60 and 90 days.
So if you plan to spend more than 3 months in Europe travelling on your own, stay in Schengen for 90 days, travel to non-Schengen countries for at least 90 days and you are ready to enter the Area again!
Now that’s the tough question I get asked over and over by readers and I have been seeing in travel forums for ages.
It’s possible but it’s not easy.
1. Apply for a long-term visa
This is a semi-permanent visa that lasts up to one year. The requirements and process vary in each country. The best options to apply for this kind of visa are France, Sweden and Italy.
2. If you are under 30, apply for a 1-2 year Working Holiday Visa
This visa, however, is only available to Australians, Canadians and New Zealanders. I would seriously consider this option even if you don’t plan to work.
Note: These visas require you to enter and exit the Schengen Area from the country that issued it.
3. Apply for a Student Visa
If you are considering studying in Spain, have a look at the details.
4. Apply for a 1-2 year German Self-Employment Visa
You can only do the process while you are in Germany but it’s perfect if you have some sort of income. Usually it will take you a week to get. And the good thing is that if you are about to end your 90-day period and the process takes longer, you will be given a temporary 3 month extension!
You risk a fine and deportation.
However, it will depend on the country you exit from.
In general, the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland), the Netherlands, Switzerland, Poland and Germany are very strict. Your stamps will be thoroughly controlled and they will count the days you stayed in. Obviously, the outcome will depend on how long you overstayed. It can go from a warning or a high fine up to an “illegal immigrant” stamp on your passport and your immigration record.
On the other hand, if you leave from Spain, Italy, Greece or France the controls are much more relaxed. You shouldn’t have many problems if you overstayed too long (a week or so). Nevertheless, keep in mind that you will rely on the immigration officer’s mood.
I’ve read in several travel forums that Spain is very popular for not being very thorough regarding exit procedures. But in my opinion, you should avoid overstaying by all means. The risk is simply not worth it.
And no, you cannot extend your Schengen Tourist Visa.
As you can see, there are a few ways to stay in Europe longer. However, keep in mind that you are dealing with immigration laws and there is always a risk.
My advice is to avoid breaking the law. But, at the end of the day, the final decision is all yours…
Finally, read carefully the travel visa FAQ. Although it’s written for visitors entering the Schengen Area through Spain, it also applies to the rest of the Schengen countries.
Note: I would like to thank you one of my readers, Ajax Dempsey, for taking the time and being patient enough to help me write this information and understand properly the 90/180 Schengen Rule.